|Interpreter:||Yo-Yo Ma / Astor Piazolla|
|Level:||1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5|
|Transcription:||Arrangement close to original|
Libertango as Piano-Solo-Version is also available here.
|Interpreter||Yo-Yo Ma / Astor Piazolla|
|Music by||Astor Piazzolla|
|Instruments||Piano, Bandoneon, Violin, Violoncello, Double Bass|
|Instruments on the Recording||Piano, Bandoneon, Guitar, Double Bass, Strings, Violin 1, Violin 2, Violoncello, Percussion|
|Instrumentation Details||The instrumentation may be varied: e.g. a second cello instead of double bass, without double bass (included is a second version of the piano score, where the bass bass line is played by the piano), cello part played by bassoon or other low wind instrument (like trombone), included is a version of the violin part in B flat for wind instruments (like clarinet or saxophone), the bandoneon part may be played on accordion or another melodic instrument, etc.|
|Transcription||Arrangement close to original|
|Album||Yo-Yo Ma - Soul of the Tango: The Music of Astor Piazzolla|
|Pages||28 (12 S. Partitur + 16 S. Einzelstimmen)|
Libertango is perhaps Astor Piazzolla’s most widely known composition, as its famous interpretation I’ve Seen That Face Before from Grace Jones brought it into international charts, as well as radio and television channels.
The title is derived by combining ‘liberdad’ (Spanish for ‘freedom’) with ‘tango’, symbolizing Piazzolla’s break from classical tango and the founding of his own form – Tango Nuevo. This break cannot be understood without taking a look at Piazzolla’s life story. Four years after his birth, his family moved from Argentina to New York. His father was an ardent tango bandoneon player and was friends with Carlos Gardel, among others. Astor, however, was more interested in jazz, and the music of Johann Sebastian Bach. The family moved back to Buenos Aires in 1937. Astor also was able to earn some money by playing tango, but his real goal was to study new classical music. His dream was realized when he won a European scholarship and moved to Paris. During his studies in Paris, he concealed his tango background. He justified later by saying that tango had a very bad reputation as cheap music for the lower classes. The turnaround didn’t occur until his composition teacher Nadia Boulanger (whose most famous students are Aaron Copland and Phillip Glass) encouraged him to leave classical music and pursue a career in tango.
After his return to Argentina, Piazzolla founded Tango Nuevo, which expanded all of the musical parameters of traditional tango, and broke away from the pure dance music. Thus, he is claimed by both jazz and classical genres as one of their own, as he moved away from the dance floor and into the concert hall. The people of his native land did not find this funny – for a time it was not even safe for Piazzolla walk the streets. However, before his death in 1992 he was finally accepted as a national hero of Argentina. Since then, his popularity outside of Argentina has continued to grow. Interpreters of his music include Gidon Kremer, Daniel Barenboim, Giora Feidman, Yo Yo Ma, the Kronos-Quartett, and Al die Meola, among many others.
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